This week in history
For the week of Jun. 16, 2013
James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938): African American. Writer, diplomat, educator, and civil rights leader. Johnsonis writings include songs (among them iLift Every Voice and Sing,i that became to be known as the iThe Negro National Anthem.i Poetry, fiction, an autobiography, and critical and historical *Works on African American culture. He also compiled anthologies of African American poems and spirituals. A former high school principal, journalist, attorney and diplomatic representative in Venezuela and Nicaragua, he served the NAACP from 1916 to 1930 as field secretary and then executive secretary, greatly expanding the organizationis membership and influence spent the remainder of his life in university teaching. *
Susan Flesche Picotte (1865-1915): American Indian (Omaha). Physician. Youngest daughter of Chief Joseph LaFlesche (Iron Eye) and his wife Mary (Iron Woman). After her education in the East, Picotte returned to the reservation as a doctor and spent four years traveling among the 1.300 widely scattered Omahas, caring for the sick and hurt and educating them about health and sanitation. Widowed in 1905 and with two sons, she moved in 1906 to the new town of Walthill on the reservation, where she spent her life practicing medicine, establishing a hospital, and serving her community as a leader in church and civic activities.
Evacuation Day: Egypt. This marks the proclamation of the Egyptian republic after a military coup deposed King Farouk in 1952.
Juneteenth: African American. This Commemorates the emancipation of all salves in Texas by the Union general Gordon Grange.
Joseph H. Rainey (1832-1887): African American. Congressman. The first African American elected to the United States House of Representatives, Rainey was elected to five terms. He served his North Carolina district from 1869 to 1879, supporting improvement of conditions for Indians on reservations and the granting of full constitutional rights to Blacks.
Wilma Rudolph (1940-1994): African American. Athlete. Although Wilma Rudolph spent her childhood wearing a leg brace to support a lame leg, she overcame her handicap and became a champion sprinter, eventually setting a world record in the 200-dash. In the 1960 Olympics she was the most successful competitor in track and field events, as the individual winner of the 100- and 200-meter dashes and a member of the winning team in the 4x100-meter relay.
National Day: Luxembourg. Also celebrated as the Kingis birthday, this day commemorates Luxembourgis gaining independence from Belgium and the Netherlands in 1848.