Sudan’s young archaeologists take charge

Q: After decades of expeditions run by western archaeologists, a wave of young Sudanese are now exploring their nation’s ancient history. Where is Sudan, where the Blue Nile and White Nile rivers join to form the Nile River that flows north into the Mediterranean Sea?

Circle the area on this map

Q: Starting about 10,000 years ago, what is now Sudan was one of the world’s “cradles of civilization,” and its people later ruled as Egyptian pharaohs. The Rosetta Stone, which has allowed archaeologists to decipher ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics, was first seized by which European invaders 1799?

A. British

B. French

C. Italian

D. Spanish

Q: European conquerors have been looting African antiquities for centuries – at least since the ancient Romans took eight obelisks from Egypt. One of those tall, thin stone monuments now stands in the world’s smallest sovereign state ...

A. Liechtenstein

B. Monaco

C. San Marino

D. Vatican City

Q: Ancient treasures are what attracts crowds to the world’s museums. But, the descendants of the people who created those treasures are now demanding they be returned. Recently, some western museums have begun returning the “Benin Bronzes” to Africa’s most populous nation ...

A. Egypt

B. Kenya

C. Nigeria

D. South Africa

Q: The British Museum has returned some of its Benin Bronze, but it remains protective of its vast collection of ancient treasures. What European country has long demanded the return of artwork from the museum?

A. Greece

B. Italy

C. Russia

D. Spain

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