August 10 in History

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For the week of Aug. 9, 2020

09
National Day: Singapore. Populated by Indians, Chinese, and Malays, Singapore became independent from Malaysia in 1965.

10
Pueblo Revolt (1680): American Indian. On this date the Pueblo peoples of the colony of New Mexico rose in revolt against the Spanish Friars, soldiers, as colonists who had seized their lands, enslaved them, and forced them to renounce their ancestral gods. Inspired by a medicine man named Popei, Pueblo leaders planned a coordinated uprising, which began on this day with simultaneous attacks on many Spanish settlements and came to an end on August 21, when the governor and his remaining forces abandoned Santa Fe and began a retreat south. The victorious Indians restored their shrines and resumed practicing their religion. In the next decade drought, hunger, and disease brought renewed hardships and fueled factional disputes among the Pueblos and the Spanish re-conquered the territory by 1692.

11
Accession of King Hussein: Jordan. This marks the day in 1952 that Ibn Talal Hussein became King of Jordan at the age of 17. He ruled from 1952 until his death in 1999.

12
Metacomet (Philip) (c.1639-1676): American Indian (Wampanoag). Political and military leader. Metacomet became leader of his people in 1662.The expansion of European settlements into Indian lands and the persistent efforts of the settlers to subjugate the Indians led to increasing tensions. After fighting broke out in June of 1675, the conflict spread to most of New England. Metacomet led his own people, allied with the neighboring Narragansetts and Nipmucks, in the 14 months of bloody conflict that have come to be known as iKing Philipis War.i More than 1,000 colonists were killed, crops and settlements were destroyed on both sides, and uncounted Indians were killed or sold into slavery. Betrayed by an informer, his wife and child captured and enslaved, Metacomet was hunted down and killed on this date in 1676.

12
Janmashtami (Birth of Lord Krishna): Hindu. This is one of the great Hindu night festivals. Worshippers fast and go to temples to see dance dramas enacting scenes from the life of Lord Krishna, one of the incarnations of Vishnu and one of the most popular deities in Hinduism.

14
Ernest Everett Just (1883-1941): African American. Scientist. Born in Charleston, South Carolina, and a graduate of Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, Just became a zoologist with an international reputation for his research in marine biology. He was a Professor of Zoology at Howard University from 1912 to 1929 and directed the physiology department at its medical school. Hr wrote Biology of the Cell Surface and founded Omega Psi Phi, one of the countryis largest Black fraternities. In February 1996, he was honored with a United States Postal Service commemorative stamp as part of the Black Heritage Stamp series.

15
Independence Day: India. This marks the day in 1947 that India became a self-governing country within the British Commonwealth. This was one of the critical steps that led to full independence in 1950.

15
Liberation Day : Korea. In North Korea, this commemorates the surrender of Japan in 1945, ending World War II and the Japanese occupation of Korea. In South Korea, it marks both the Japanese surrender and the creation in 1948 of an *Independent South Korean government. *

15
Feast of the Assumption: Roman Catholic. This celebrates the belief by Roman Catholics in Maryis assumption to heaven.